The HIV/AIDS epidemic : its evolutionary implications for human ecology with special reference to the immune system.
The epidemiology of AIDS in Africa is discussed.
Serological and clinical data on virology and population genetics are related to current theories of heterosexual transmission and to cultural practices involving the exchange or transmission of body fluids between individuals, such as female and male genital multilation and indigenous or'folk'medicine, as well as non-Western medical uses of medical syringes.
A review of the relationship of autoimmune conditions, graft-vs-host disease and the retrovirus/oncogene involvement is presented.
These data place in a new perspective concepts of widespread heterosexual infection and transmission of HlVs as well as their relation to AIDS in the context of the evolution of the human immune system.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Afrique, Relation sexuelle, Comportement sexuel, Milieu culturel, Transmission, Homme, Système immunitaire, Evolution, Hétérosexualité, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Africa, Sexual intercourse, Sexual behavior, Cultural environment, Transmission, Human, Immune system, Evolution, Heterosexuality, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0005578
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 21/05/1997.