This paper reviews intercultural variability of substance use behaviors, including availability of international statistics on consumption of alcohol and other drugs, as well as the use of drugs available locally only.
Within a conceptual framework of intercultural relations, it considers the history of transcultural spread of substance use behaviors and possible reactions to the introduction of new drugs within a culture or jurisdiction, including illustrations of the « law of alien poisons. » Although intercultural views of substance use have generally concentrated on majority groups'views of substance use in minority groups, minority and non-Western views of substance use need to be considered in the context of increasing international and intercultural communications that increase the rate at which substance use behaviors spread.
Both Western and non-Western experiences with substance use and misuse must be taken into account so that better interventions can be developed to deal with addictions and other substance-related problems.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Alcoolisme, Milieu culturel, Environnement social, Consommation, Etude transculturelle, Epidémiologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Alcoholism, Cultural environment, Social environment, Consumption, Crosscultural study, Epidemiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0005374
Code Inist : 002B18H03. Création : 21/05/1997.