This paper is a sociohistorical examination of drug misuse and drug policy in Hong Kong.
It briefly traces the history of drug policy since Hong Kong became a colony of Britain in the nineteenth century, and then highlights the major drug issues that have emerged in the past several decades.
Drug policy in Hong Kong has gone through three stages, from Government Opium Monopoly « (1841-1945) to » The Prohibition Era « (1946-1960) to » Enlightened Prohibition (1961-1995).
The evolution in drug policy is analyzed in the light of both domestic and international social, economic, and political forces affecting Hong Kong.
The major drug issue in the past two decades has been the trends of rising levels of drug use among young people and the increasing popularity of psychoactive drugs among young drug users.
It is argued that these trends may be understood in terms of rapid social change resulting from industrialization and socioeconomic growth since the 1960s, and the presence of conditions favorable to the demand and supply of psychoactive drugs.
Lastly, major challenges to future drug policy in Hong Kong are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Politique sanitaire, Toxicomanie, Hong Kong, Asie, Historique, Consommation, Substance toxicomanogène, Environnement social, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health policy, Drug addiction, Hong Kong, Asia, Case history, Consumption, Drug of abuse, Social environment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0005046
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 21/05/1997.