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  1. Characteristics, policies and practices of alcohol outlets and sales to underage persons.

    Article - En anglais


    A recent study found that many alcohol outlets sold alcohol to youthful-appearing study confederates.

    This article expands upon that work by exploring the linkages between the policies, practices and characteristics of outlets and their propensity to sell alcohol to persons under the legal drinking age.


    Data on alcohol outlets are from a telephone survey of 100 establishments located in 28 communities in northeastern Minnesota that hold off-sale licenses for the sale of distilled spirits and/or full strength beer and wine.

    Alcohol purchase attempts were conducted in each outlet to provide a measure of propensity to sell alcohol to underage persons.

    Youthful-appearing study confederates conducted three separate purchase attempts in each outlet.

    Multiple linear regression was used to estimate the effects of outlet characteristics and policies on the purchase success rate.


    Bars were less likely than liquor stores or bar/liquor stores to sell to study confederates.

    Having a manager on the premises at all times was associated with a 15% lower purchase success rate in bars.

    Requiring formal training of bar staff involved in alcohol sales was associated with a 19% lower purchase success rate.

    No outlet characteristics or practices were associated with the purchase success rate in liquor stores and bar/liquor stores. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Vente, Boisson alcoolisée, Adolescent, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Politique sanitaire, Législation, Pratique professionnelle

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sales, Alcoholic beverage, Adolescent, Human, United States, North America, America, Health policy, Legislation, Professional practice

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0002518

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 21/05/1997.