Drinking environment and sociodemographic factors among DWI offenders.
This study was designed to identify issues for public health/traffic safety in prevention of DWI and alcohol-related traffic injuries/deaths by investigating the relationships among drinking locations, sociodemographic characteristics and drinking-environment-related factors of convicted DWI offenders.
Subjects were clients (N=5,154,79% male) referred to the Lovelace Comprehensive Screening Program for alcohol-related assessment and were interviewed by counselors using a structured, computer-based questionnaire.
Differences among ethnic/racial and gender categories were analyzed by logistic regression.
(1) Some groups showed a higher rate of DWI convictions, compared to the adult county population :
young, single male ;
Hispanic and Mexican National ;
divorced/separated/widowed (increasing with age) : (2) older, educated or employed offenders reported drinking more in bars/lounges, while younger offenders were more likely drinking in private parties ;
(3) Hispanic and Mexican National men showed equal likelihood of drinking with friends and relatives in bars/lounges, whereas non-Hispanic white males reported drinking more with friends ;
and (4) Native Americans were associated with higher blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and alcohol-related problems. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Conduite véhicule, Ebriété, Statut social, Démographie, Ethnie, Sexe, Statut conjugal, Environnement social, Contexte, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vehicle driving, Inabriation, Social status, Demography, Ethnic group, Sex, Marital status, Social environment, Context, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0002517
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 21/05/1997.