logo BDSP

Base documentaire

  1. Drinking environment and sociodemographic factors among DWI offenders.

    Article - En anglais


    This study was designed to identify issues for public health/traffic safety in prevention of DWI and alcohol-related traffic injuries/deaths by investigating the relationships among drinking locations, sociodemographic characteristics and drinking-environment-related factors of convicted DWI offenders.


    Subjects were clients (N=5,154,79% male) referred to the Lovelace Comprehensive Screening Program for alcohol-related assessment and were interviewed by counselors using a structured, computer-based questionnaire.

    Differences among ethnic/racial and gender categories were analyzed by logistic regression.


    (1) Some groups showed a higher rate of DWI convictions, compared to the adult county population :

    • young, single male ;

    • Hispanic and Mexican National ;

    • divorced/separated/widowed (increasing with age) : (2) older, educated or employed offenders reported drinking more in bars/lounges, while younger offenders were more likely drinking in private parties ;

    • (3) Hispanic and Mexican National men showed equal likelihood of drinking with friends and relatives in bars/lounges, whereas non-Hispanic white males reported drinking more with friends ;

    • and (4) Native Americans were associated with higher blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and alcohol-related problems. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Conduite véhicule, Ebriété, Statut social, Démographie, Ethnie, Sexe, Statut conjugal, Environnement social, Contexte, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vehicle driving, Inabriation, Social status, Demography, Ethnic group, Sex, Marital status, Social environment, Context, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, United States, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0002517

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 21/05/1997.