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  1. Identification of the motor vehicle accident victim who abuses alcohol : An opportunity to reduce trauma.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    We hypothesized that a poor driving history, and alcohol abuse, evident in a large number of people injured in automobile accidents, contribute to repeated injury, and that treatment for alcohol abuse may reduce vehicular trauma.

    Method 

    Patients (N=150) admitted to the emergency surgical service because of injury sustained in a motor vehicle accident (MVA) were tested for their blood alcohol concentrations, and they responded to a questionnaire concerning their prior driving and medical histories.

    Results 

    Contrary to the assumption that motor vehicle injuries are isolated episodes, 68% of MVA patients had experienced a prior accident, and 43% had been injured in an MVA before the present event.

    Prior MVAs were associated with having been previously arrested for driving while intoxicated (DWI), with illegal drug use and with prior hospitalization.

    Of the MVA patients, 37% were intoxicated (blood alcohol concentration [BAC] = 100 mg/dl).

    Elevated BAC was associated with having been stopped for drinking, having a restricted license, having a DWI arrest, using illegal drugs and having a previous admission to a hospital.

    Prior MVAs, prior DWIs, elevated BAC and male gender formed the Louisville Alcohol Abuse Predictor Checklist and were independent predictors of alcohol abuse diagnosis, based on the patient's self-report of problems with alcohol.

    Forty-two percent of MVA patients were diagnosed as alcohol abusers. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Accident circulation, Conduite véhicule, Traumatisme, Dépistage, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Dose forte, Antécédent, Service hospitalier, Chirurgie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Traffic accident, Vehicle driving, Trauma, Medical screening, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, High dose, Antecedent, Hospital ward, Surgery, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0002516

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 21/05/1997.