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  1. Heterogeneous rates for birth defects in Latin America : Hints on causality.

    Article - En anglais

    The aim of this work was to disclose risk factors associated with birth defects which were heterogeneously distributed in the different geographic regions sampled by the Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC).

    The material included 2,159,065 hospital births, delivered in the 1967-1989 period in 24 geographic regions of Latin America.

    Birth defect types with 50 case-control pairs or more were analyzed.

    A risk factor was defined as that available variable with differential geographic rates, correlated with those of a given birth defect type.

    Identified factors were tested by case-control multivariate logistic regression to confirm their role in the occurrence of the defect.

    Altitude and maternal acute illness during first trimester of pregnancy, named influenza, were risk factors for microtia.

    Prenatal drug exposure, mainly sex hormones, were connected with the occurrence of hypospadias in low frequency areas, while Native ancestry was a « protective » factor in the same regions.

    Acute (influenza), and chronic (epilepsy and syphilis) maternal illness during first trimester of pregnancy and gravidity higher than four were risk factors for cleft lip.

    The independence of these variables from maternal age suggested that low maternal socioeconomic level could explain the high birth defect order and, perhaps, syphilis in mothers. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Maladie congénitale, Malformation, Facteur risque, Prédisposition, Epidémiologie, Amérique Latine, Amérique, Analyse statistique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Congenital disease, Malformation, Risk factor, Predisposition, Epidemiology, Latin America, America, Statistical analysis

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0002496

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 21/05/1997.

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