Breast cancer induction due to mammographic screening has aroused considerable controversy in the discussion of the safety of this procedure.
We have attempted to shed some light on this problem by approaching it from both a theoretical and a mathematical point of view.
We found that about 99% of mammographically induced breast cancers occur in the group of women who are carriers of a breast cancer gene.
Our calculations suggest that in women with an inherited gene for breast cancer an extra tumour in one out of 10 women will be induced by 20 mammographical examinations.
On the other hand, mammography is safe for non-gene carriers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Femelle, Homme, Déterminisme génétique, Facteur risque, Carcinogenèse, Mammographie, Irradiation extracorporelle, Epidémiologie, Glande mammaire pathologie, Radiodiagnostic, Exploration radiologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Female, Human, Genetic inheritance, Risk factor, Carcinogenesis, Mammography, Extracorporeal irradiation, Epidemiology, Mammary gland diseases, Radiodiagnosis, Radiologic investigation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0002331
Code Inist : 002B20E02. Création : 21/05/1997.