Three-year results of prevention programs on marijuana use : The New Hampshire study.
The effects on marijuana use of 1) a drug prevention curriculum, or 2) this curriculum with added parent and other adult community activities in comparison with 3) a control community were investigated.
Baseline information on drug-related behaviors from a sample of fourth, fifth, and sixth graders aged nine to fourteen years in rural New Hampshire (N=1200) were obtained.
The children completed these initial questionnaires in classrooms in 1987.
In the comprehensive community intervention regular marijuana use was reduced by over 50 percent.
No program had a significant effect on the initiation of marijuana use.
The predictors of initiation were being in a higher grade, low school satisfaction, poor academic achievement, feeling unloved by one's family, feeling unpopular, and being part of a drug-using peer group.
The baseline predictors of subsequent regular marijuana use were poor academic achievement, feeling unpopular, and being part of a drug-using peer group.
In interviews the cultural and social contexts of marijuana use were explored.
Strategies to prevent marijuana use need to take into account the profile of the marijuana-using child, the adult community's attitudes and beliefs about drugs, and the access of drug sellers and users to children.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Marihuana, Prévention, Programme sanitaire, New Hampshire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prédiction, Initiation, Environnement social, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Préadolescent, Education sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Marihuana, Prevention, Sanitary program, New Hampshire, United States, North America, America, Prediction, Initiation, Social environment, Child, Human, School age, Preadolescent, Health education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0506951
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 10/04/1997.