Economic evaluation of antifungal agents in the treatment of toenail onychomycosis in Germany.
The strategies for the management of onychomycosis have changed since the availability of the newer generation of antifungal agents, particularly, itraconazole and terbinafine.
Itraconazole (1-week pulse) therapy may have higher efficacy and an improved adverse-effects profile compared to the continuous therapy regimen.
We performed a pharmacoeconomic evaluation of the most commonly used treatments in Germany for toenail onychomycosis from a health care payer perspective.
A 5-step approach was used.
Firstly, the purpose of the study, the comparator drugs, their dosage regimens and the time frame of the analysis were defined.
Next, the medical practice and resource consumption patterns associated with the treatment of onychomycosis were identified.
In step III, a meta-analysis was used to determine the relative efficacy of the comparator drugs.
In step IV, a decision tree of the treatment algorithms was constructed for each comparator.
The expected cost analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis were also performed.
Finally, a sensitivity analysis was carried out.
For the four main comparator drugs used to treat toenail onychomycosis in Germany, the clinical response rates (clinical cure plus marked improvement) at the end of the follow-up period (month 12 after starting therapy) were, for itraconazole (1-week pulse dosing) : 89.8 ± 3% (mean ± SE), terbinafine : 79.4 ± 10%, itraconazole (continuous dosing) : 77. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Antifongique, Gros orteil, Mycose, Infection, Ongle, Allemagne, Europe, Economie santé, Itraconazole, Analyse coût efficacité, Aspect économique, Homme, Triazole dérivé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Antifungal agent, Big toe, Mycosis, Infection, Nail(anatomy), Germany, Europe, Health economy, Cost efficiency analysis, Economic aspect, Human, Triazole derivatives
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0506805
Code Inist : 002B02S04. Création : 10/04/1997.