Fiji is a Pacific nation with roughly equal numbers of indigenous Fijians and Indians.
Previous studies, using police and medical records, have suggested significant racial, regional, age and gender differences in suicidal behaviour.
The objective of the present study is to use a unique data set (autopsy reports) in the evaluation of earlier reports and to identify groups at greater risk.
Hanging and poisoning autopsy reports from two distinct regions were examined.
The rate of autopsy (per 100 000 population per year) among Indians (19.5) is significantly greater (p<0.0001) than among Fijians (1.53).
In the north, among the Indians, there are more autopsies in females (21.2) than males (16.8), and hanging constitutes 85% of total suicides, while in the Central and Eastern Divisions hanging constitutes only 58% of the total.
These are regional influences.
Among Fijians, the rates of hanging autopsy are significantly greater (p<0.001) in males (1.98) than females (0.40) ; however, among Indians there is no significant difference.
This is a racial difference.
Hanging remains the preferred option for all groups.
The mean age at autopsy is 31.7. There is no significant difference between the mean ages of the races, the sexes or the regions.
There is no significant difference between the mean age of poisoning (31.5) and hanging (31.8). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Fidji, Mélanésie, Océanie, Méthode, Pendaison, Intoxication, Race, Ethnie, Sexe, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Autopsie, Facteur risque, Variation géographique, Homme, Empoisonnement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Fiji, Melanesia, Oceania, Method, Hanging, Poisoning, Race, Ethnic group, Sex, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Autopsy, Risk factor, Geographical variation, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0504503
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 10/04/1997.