Allergic respiratory diseases and environmental pollution : experience in the printing/paper-manufacturing industry.
Several studies have shown a correlation between airborne pollutants and respiratory disorders.
To determine whether professional exposure to industrial pollution might represent a risk factor for allergic respiratory diseases, we administered allergologic tests to 275 workers employed in a paper-making/printing factory and to a control population composed of 160 office workers from the same urban area.
All subjects were evaluated on the basis of personal and family histories, the results of prick tests with common airborne allergens, specific serum IgE levels, pulmonary function test, and standard chest radiography.
The percentage of subjects with allergies in the factory-worker group (67/275 ; 24.4%) was significantly higher than that observed among the office workers (20/160 ; 12.5%) (chi-square test : 8.17 ; P<0.01).
Of the 67 factory workers with allergies, 94% had histories of daily exposure to aliphatic hydrocarbons.
The results of this study indicate that exposure to the latter type of industrial pollutants is associated with a significantly higher prevalence of allergic respiratory diseases.
Mots-clés Pascal : Rhinite, Allergie, Asthme, Facteur risque, Pollution air, Exposition professionnelle, Imprimerie, Industrie papier, Composé chimique, Toxicité, Epidémiologie, Italie, Europe, Homme, ORL pathologie, Nez pathologie, Immunopathologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rhinitis, Allergy, Asthma, Risk factor, Air pollution, Occupational exposure, Printing plant, Paper industry, Chemical compound, Toxicity, Epidemiology, Italy, Europe, Human, ENT disease, Nose disease, Immunopathology, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0502482
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 10/04/1997.