The development of symptoms possibly related to allergy or other forms of hypersensitivity was studied in a group of 638 children on two occasions : when the children were 3 and 18 months of age.
Standardized questions were used to collect basic information about the child, technical characteristics of the home, and the mother's perception of the indoor climate.
All reported exposure factors were analyzed in relation to the child's symptoms at 18 months of age, by logistic regression techniques.
A family history of atopy was associated with a high incidence of most of the investigated symptoms.
Attendance at a day nursery before 18 months of age increased the risk of recurrent colds and the need for several courses of treatment with antibiotics If the mothers smoked, the children more often suffered from protracted coughing episodes.
If the child had a sibling, the risk of developing a wheeze, repeated colds, and the need for antibiotic treatment increased.
No building factors, such as size of the home, heating and ventilation system, type of foundation, dampness, or presence of wall-to-wall carpets, showed a significant correlation to symptoms reported in the children.
However, if the mothers reported symptoms that are often connected with « sick buildings », the children more often had eczema, dry skin, or reactions to food. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Allergie, Symptomatologie, Logement habitation, Climat intérieur, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Suède, Europe, Questionnaire, Nourrisson, Homme, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Allergy, Symptomatology, Housing, Indoor climate, Prevalence, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Sweden, Europe, Questionnaire, Infant, Human, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0502478
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 10/04/1997.