Smoking and exposure to occupational hazards in 8,304 workers in Guangzhou, China.
This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the pattern of smoking in relation to occupational hazard exposure in a working population in Guangzhou, China.
In 1994, data on smoking and occupational hazard exposure from occupational health records of 8,304 subjects aged 35 years or older from 47 randomly selected factories were studied.
About 49% of the men and 55% of the women were exposed to dust, chemicals or other hazards.
The prevalence of smoking was 56.1% in men and 2.0% in women.
The prevalence of smoking in men was higher in those who were younger, with primary education or who were workers.
In women, those who were older, with primary education or in management jobs had higher smoking prevalence.
In men and women, subjects who were exposed to occupational hazards had higher smoking prevalence : the highest (71.6%) was found in male workers exposed to dust.
Urgent tobacco control measures are needed to prevent the epidemic of smoking-related and occupation-related diseases in the workplace in China.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Exposition professionnelle, Milieu professionnel, Homme, Sexe, Démographie, Chine, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Occupational exposure, Occupational environment, Human, Sex, Demography, China, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0500825
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 10/04/1997.