Effect of a research nurse on patient enrollment in a clinical study.
To assess the effect of adding a shared research nurse on patient enrollment in an ongoing clinical study.
Before/after comparison of recruitment rates and consent rates involving patients eligible for a study of blood culture collection strategies for methods on the detection of bacteremia and determination of inter-rater agreement regarding study eligibility between the research nurse and primary investigator.
An urban pediatric emergency department (ED).
Patients presenting to the ED between February 1,1991, and February 1,1993, with suspected bacteremia.
Addition of a research nurse to the study group to identify, educate, and enroll eligible study patients.
Main outcome measure
Patient enrollment rates.
Successful enrollment of eligible study patients was 14% (40/281) during the year prior to the addition of the research nurse and 50% (126/253) after the addition (P<0.001).
Refusal rates were 21% (22/106) when recruitment was carried out by the nurse and 15% (13/86) when done by physicians (P=0.41).
Review of records to identify eligible study patients showed agreement between the study nurse and physician on 78/80 (97.5%) of the charts reviewed (kappa=0.94).
Addition of a shared research nurse increased recruitment of patients and demonstrated equivalent judgment of the research nurse and physician investigators regarding patient eligibility for the study. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Essai clinique, Bactériémie, Bactériose, Infection, Inclusion, Malade, Infirmier, Recherche scientifique, Enfant, Homme, Eligibilité, Service urgence
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Clinical trial, Bacteremia, Bacteriosis, Infection, Inclusion, Patient, Nurse, Scientific research, Child, Human, Emergency department
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0499980
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 10/04/1997.