Sex differences in academic advancement : Results of a national Study of Pediatricians.
Background Although the numbers of women in training and in entry-level academic positions in medicine have increased substantially in recent years, the proportion of women in senior faculty positions has not changed.
We conducted a study to determine the contributions of background and training, academic productivity, distribution of work time, institutional support, career attitudes, and family responsibilities to sex differences in academic rank and salary among faculty members of academic pediatric departments.
Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey of all salaried physicians in 126 academic departments of pediatrics in the United States in January 1992.
Of the 6441 questionnaires distributed, 4285 (67 percent) were returned.
The sample was representative of U.S. pediatric faculty members.
Multivariate models were used to relate academic rank and salary to 16 independent variables.
Results Significantly fewer women than men achieved the rank of associate professor or higher.
For both men and women, higher salaries and ranks were related to greater academic productivity (more publications and grants), more hours worked, more institutional support of research, greater overall career satisfaction, and fewer career problems.
Less time spent in teaching and patient care was related to greater academic productivity for both sexes. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude statistique, Sexe, Pédiatrie, Productivité, Responsabilité, Titre, Salaire, Centre hospitalier universitaire, Homme, Recherche, Enseignement, Promotion professionnelle, Médecin, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Economie santé, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Statistical study, Sex, Pediatrics, Productivity, Responsibility, Title, Wage, Teaching hospital, Human, Research, Teaching, Occupational promotion, Physician, United States, North America, America, Health economy, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0493988
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 10/04/1997.