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  1. Sales of tranquillizers, hypnotics/sedatives and antidepressants and their relationship with underprivileged area score and mortality and suicide rates.

    Article - En anglais


    This study analyses the correlation between the Swedish underprivileged area score and sales of tranquillizers, hypnotics/sedatives, neuroleptics and antidepressants, and the correlation between these sales and mortality and suicide rates, with the aim of using sales data to identify areas with poor socioeconomic conditions.


    Southern Sweden, 33 municipalities in Skane, 1987 and 1994.


    Ecological study.

    Determined and undetermined cases of suicide were taken from the local death register for the years 1987-1993.

    Suicide rates (determined and undetermined cases) were calculated as the ratio between observed and expected number of suicides.

    Mortality for people aged 20-64 years was calculated from life tables for the decade 1981-1990.

    The underprivileged area score was calculated for municipalities using the proportion of persons in the following groups : elderly living alone, under 5 years of age, one-parent families, unskilled, unemployed, living in crowded households, those moving house in the previous year, and ethnic groups.

    After transformation (arc sine) and standardization, each of the eight variables was weighted by the British general practitioners average weighting and added to give the underprivileged area score. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tranquillisant, Hypnotique, Sédatif, Antidépresseur, Neuroleptique, Condition existence, Environnement social, Prescription médicale, Etude socioéconomique, Suicide, Mortalité, Analyse corrélation, Suède, Europe, Epidémiologie, Psychotrope

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tranquillizer, Hypnotic, Sedative, Antidepressant agent, Neuroleptic, Existence condition, Social environment, Medical prescription, Socioeconomic study, Suicide, Mortality, Correlation analysis, Sweden, Europe, Epidemiology, Psychotropic

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0493985

    Code Inist : 002B30A02B. Création : 10/04/1997.