The impact of gender on the choice of surgery as a career.
The objective of the survey was to examine factors affecting career choice by medical students.
A questionnaire was distributed to the 245 fourth-year students at the University of Toronto, sampling qualities of importance in specialties, the importance of role models, attitudes toward surgery, and specialty match results.
There was a 69% return rate.
Males were more likely to choose a surgical career than were females (27% versus 10%, respectively ; P=0.01).
Males were more likely to identify technical challenge, earning potential, and prestige (P<0.01) whereas females were more likely to identify residency conditions, part-time work, and parental leave availability as important qualities in a specialty (P<0.01).
Females were less likely to take surgical electives (P<0.001) and more likely to identify a lack of role models (P<0.003).
Students agreed that surgeons have rewarding careers (79%) and earn more (64%) ; however, they do not agree that surgeons enjoy spending time with patients (10%) or have rewarding family lives (5%). CONCLUSIONS : Fewer females than males were found to consider or choose a surgical career, possibly due to differences in qualities of importance in specialties, availability of role models, and exposure through electives.
Mots-clés Pascal : Chirurgie, Spécialité médicale, Médecin, Sexe, Carrière professionnelle, Choix, Homme, Personnel sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Surgery, Medical specialty, Physician, Sex, Career, Choice, Human, Health staff
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0493364
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 10/04/1997.