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  1. Limitation of life support : frequency and practice in a London and a Cape Town intensive care unit.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To examine the frequency of limiting (withdrawing and withholding) therapy in the intensive care unit (ICU), the grounds for limiting therapy, the people involved in the decisions, the way the decisions are implemented and the patient outcome.

    Design 

    Prospective survey.

    Ethical approval was obtained.

    Setting 

    ICUs in tertiary centres in London and Cape Town.

    Patients 

    All patients who died or had life support limited.

    Interventions 

    Data collection only.

    Results 

    There were 65 deaths out of 945 ICU discharges in London and 45 deaths out of 354 ICU discharges in Cape Town.

    Therapy was limited in 81.5% and 86.7% respectively (p=0.6) of patients who died.

    The mean ages of patients whose therapy was limited were 60.2 years and 51.9 years (p=0.014) and mean APACHE II scores 18.5 and 22.6 (p=0.19) respectively.

    The most common reason for limiting therapy in both centres was multiple organ failure.

    Both medical and nursing staff were involved in most decisions, which were only implemented once wide consensus had been reached and the families had accepted the situation.

    Inotropes, ventilation, blood products, and antibiotics were most commonly withdrawn.

    The mean time from admission to the decision to limit therapy was 11.2 days in London and 9.6 days in Cape Town.

    The times to outcome (death in all patients) were 13.2 h and 8.1 h respectively.

    Conclusions 

    Withdrawal of therapy occurred commonly, most often because of multiple organ failure. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Unité soin intensif, Arrêt traitement, Pratique professionnelle, Prise décision, Pronostic, Ethique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Intensive care unit, Withdrawal, Professional practice, Decision making, Prognosis, Ethics, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0492912

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 10/04/1997.