Impact of a gonorrhea control program, including selective mass treatment, in female sex workers.
A gonorrhea control program initiated in 1967 in registered female sex workers (FSWs) in the Philippines involved weekly endocervical cultures for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, with treatment of FSWs found infected or named as contacts by US Navy servicemen.
Gonorrhea prevalence in FSWs in Olongapo city fell from 11.9% to 4.0% within 4 months, and gonorrhea incidence in servicemen at nearby Subic Bay fell by half.
Selective mass treatment (SMT) with oral ampicillin-probenecid or tetracycline was then given to registered FSWs in an attempt to further reduce gonorrhea rates.
N. gonorrhoeae was isolated from 105 (4.0%) of 2640 FSWs before SMT and from 43 (1.6%) 1 week later (P<. 001).
However, gonorrhea incidence among servicemen fell no lower, and gonorrhea prevalence in FSWs quickly returned to higher levels.
Thus, after implementation of weekly screening and treatment of FSWs found infected or named as contacts, SMT of FSWs (without increasing condom use or treating regular partners) contributed nothing further to gonorrhea control.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gonococcie, Bactériose, Infection, Philippines, Asie, Programme sanitaire, Chimiothérapie, Campagne de masse, Prévalence, Traitement, Femelle, Incidence, Prostitution, Epidémiologie, Homme, Maladie sexuellement transmissible
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gonococcal infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Philippine Islands, Asia, Sanitary program, Chemotherapy, Mass campaign, Prevalence, Treatment, Female, Incidence, Prostitution, Epidemiology, Human, Sexually transmitted disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0481828
Code Inist : 002B05F02. Création : 10/04/1997.