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  1. Fulltext. Spina bifida and cleft lip among newborns of Norwegian Women with epilepsy : Changes related to the use of anticonvulsants.

    Article - En anglais



    This study examined the connection between the use of anticonvulsants for epilepsy during or before pregnancy and the risk of spina bifida and cleft lip in newborns.


    Among mothers registered from 1967 to 1992 by the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, 7588 who had epilepsy were identified and their newborns'prevalence of spina bifida and cleft lip examined.


    The odds ratio of spina bifida in children or mothers with epilepsy compared with other children increased from 1.5 in 1967 through 1980 (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.3,4.5) to 4.4 in 1981 through 1992 (95% CI=2.0,8.5).

    The odds ratio of cleft lip, however, decreased from 3.0 before 1981 (95% CI=1.6,5.1) to 1.1 after 1981 (95% CI=0.4,2.3).


    This shift toward more serious birth defects is consistent with the different teratogenic effects of newer and older anticonvulsants.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Anticonvulsivant, Chimiothérapie, Epilepsie, Spina bifida, Bec de lièvre, Toxicité, Tératogène, Traitement, Mère, Femme, Homme, Gestation, Nouveau né pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Maladie congénitale, Malformation, Epidémiologie, Norvège, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anticonvulsant, Chemotherapy, Epilepsy, Spina bifida, Cleft lip, Toxicity, Teratogen, Treatment, Mother, Woman, Human, Pregnancy, Newborn diseases, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Congenital disease, Malformation, Epidemiology, Norway, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0481481

    Code Inist : 002B02U10. Création : 10/04/1997.