This paper traces the development of the US federal government's program to provide personal and public health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives since the 1940s.
Minimal services had been provided since the mid 19th century through the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of Interior.
As a result of attempts by western congressmen to weaken and destroy the bureau during the 1940s, responsibility for health services was placed with the US Public Health Service.
The transfer thus created the only US national health program for civilians, providing virtually the full range of personal and public health services to a defined population at relatively low cost.
Policy changes since the 1970s have led to an emphasis on self-determination that did not exist during the 1950s and 1960s.
Programs administered by tribal governments tend to be more expensive than those provided by the Indian Health Service, but appropriations have not risen to meet the rising costs, nor are the appropriated funds distributed equitably among Indian Health Service regions.
The result is likely to be an unequal deterioration in accessibility and quality of care.
Mots-clés Pascal : Politique sanitaire, Historique, Amérindien, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Alaska, Homme, Ethnie, Siècle 19eme, Siècle 20eme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health policy, Case history, Amerindian, United States, North America, America, Alaska, Human, Ethnic group, Century 19th, Century 20th
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0481445
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 10/04/1997.