Many studies show asthma to be more common in Black than in White children.
This study assessed how much of this difference remains after adjustment for other potentially race-associated predictors of asthma.
We assessed the predictors of active diagnosed asthma and persistent wheeze in 1416 Black and White Philadelphia children age 9 to 11 years, as reported by parents.
Black race remained a significant predictor of active diagnosed asthma (odds ratio [OR]=2.3 ; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.3,4.1) but not of persistent wheeze (OR=1.0 ; 95% CI=0.6,1.8).
The excess risk of asthma in Black children was not appreciably altered by adjustment for other demographic and environmental factors.
Black race is an important risk factor for active diagnosed asthma in these urban children, a relationship not explained by social factors.
This finding and the lack of an association of race with persistent wheeze after adjustment for social factors suggest that race may be more important to the acquisition of an asthma diagnosis than to the prevalence of the symptoms.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Race, Caucasoïde, Noir américain, Pennsylvanie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Immunopathologie, Allergie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Epidemiology, Child, Human, School age, Race, Caucasoid, Black American, Pennsylvania, United States, North America, America, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Immunopathology, Allergy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0479837
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 10/04/1997.