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  1. Fulltext. Race, asthma, and persistent wheeze in Philadelphia schoolchildren.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    Many studies show asthma to be more common in Black than in White children.

    This study assessed how much of this difference remains after adjustment for other potentially race-associated predictors of asthma.

    Methods

    We assessed the predictors of active diagnosed asthma and persistent wheeze in 1416 Black and White Philadelphia children age 9 to 11 years, as reported by parents.

    Results

    Black race remained a significant predictor of active diagnosed asthma (odds ratio [OR]=2.3 ; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.3,4.1) but not of persistent wheeze (OR=1.0 ; 95% CI=0.6,1.8).

    The excess risk of asthma in Black children was not appreciably altered by adjustment for other demographic and environmental factors.

    Conclusions

    Black race is an important risk factor for active diagnosed asthma in these urban children, a relationship not explained by social factors.

    This finding and the lack of an association of race with persistent wheeze after adjustment for social factors suggest that race may be more important to the acquisition of an asthma diagnosis than to the prevalence of the symptoms.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Age scolaire, Race, Caucasoïde, Noir américain, Pennsylvanie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Immunopathologie, Allergie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Epidemiology, Child, Human, School age, Race, Caucasoid, Black American, Pennsylvania, United States, North America, America, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Immunopathology, Allergy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0479837

    Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 10/04/1997.