Recent discoveries regarding the mechanistic role of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in cancer development have opened a new era of molecular diagnosis.
It has been observed repeatedly that genetic lesions serve as tumor markers in a broad variety of human cancers.
The ras gene family, consisting of three related genes, H-ras, K-ras, and N-ras, acquires transforming activity through amplification or mutation in many tissues.
If not all, then most types of human malignancies have been found to contain an altered ras gene.
Because the ras oncogenes actively participate in both early and intermediate stages of cancer, several highly specific and sensitive approaches have been introduced to detect these genetic alterations as biomarkers of exposure to carcinogens.
There is also mounting evidence that implicate chemical-specific alterations of the p53 tumor suppressor gene detected in most human tumors.
Therefore, it seems a reliable laboratory approach to identify both altered p53 and ras genes as biomarkers of human chronic or intermittent exposure to toxicants in a variety of occupational settings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinogène, Toxicité, Homme, Composé chimique, Xénobiotique, Tumeur maligne, Diagnostic, Marqueur biologique, Gène suppresseur tumeur, Gène onc, Animal, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Article synthèse, Marqueur tumoral, Gène ras, Gène p53
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinogen, Toxicity, Human, Chemical compound, Xenobiotic, Malignant tumor, Diagnosis, Biological marker, Tumor suppressor gene, Onc gene, Animal, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Review, Tumoral marker, p53 gene
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0479554
Code Inist : 002B04E02. Création : 10/04/1997.