Machinists have an increased risk of lung cancer and bladder cancer, and this may be caused by exposure to carcinogenic compounds such as asbestos and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the engine room.
The aim of this study was to investigate the exposure of engine room personnel to PAHs, with 1-hydroxypyrene in urine as a biomarker.
Methods-Urine samples from engine room personnel (n=51) on 10 ships arriving in different harbours were collected, as well as urine samples from a similar number of unexposed controls (n=47) on the same ships.
Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene was quantitatively measured by high performance liquid chromatography.
The exposure to PAHs was estimated by a questionnaire answered by the engine room personnel.
On two ships, air monitoring of PAHs in the engine room was performed at sea.
Both personal monitoring and area monitoring were performed.
The compounds were analysed by gas chromatography of two types (with a flame ionisation detector and with a mass spectrometer).
Significantly more 1-hydroxypyrene was found in urine of personnel who had been working in the engine room for the past 24 hours, than in that of the unexposed seamen.
The highest concentrations of 1-hydroxypyrene were found among engine room personnel who had experienced oil contamination of the skin during their work in the engine room. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Composé aromatique polycyclique, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Navire, Amiante, Carcinogène, Pétrole, Voie externe, Surveillance biologique, Marqueur biologique, Urine, Salle machine
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Polycyclic aromatic compound, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Ship, Asbestos, Carcinogen, Petroleum, Topical administration, Biological monitoring, Biological marker, Urine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0478922
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 10/04/1997.