Numerous studies have indicated that gender discrimination influencing child survival is widespread in Asia.
Therefore, we have investigated gender and cause-specific postneonatal mortality in Taiwan.
Mortality data derived from death certificates and demographic statistics in Taiwan between 1981 and 1990 were analyzed.
Postneonatal mortality decreased from 9.4 per 1000 live births to 5.5 per 1000 live births for males, and from 8.3 to 5.0 for females.
The trends for cause-specific mortality for male and female infants were similar during the study period.
The male-to-female ratio of overall death rates was 1.11.
It was slightly higher in cities and lower in rural areas, and lowest in the least developed eastern region of Taiwan.
Mortality from congenital diseases had the lowest male-to-female ratio, specifically in the North, the cities and areas of indigenous people.
Infectious disease mortality showed low male-to-female ratios in the rural areas and in the eastern region.
The place of death from infectious diseases as a measure for the use of sophisticated medical care showed that more female than male deaths occurred at home in the rural areas, cities, and central regions.
It was concluded that a high level of socio-economic development created conditions of gender equality, whereas in situations of low socio-economic development males were favoured. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Nourrisson, Homme, Epidémiologie, Sexe, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Urbanisation, Statut socioéconomique, Taiwan, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Infant, Human, Epidemiology, Sex, Rural environment, Urban environment, Urbanization, Socioeconomic status, Taiwan, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0477873
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.