The effect of supplementation on growth was tested by means of four similar controlled randomized trials in the Congo (n=120), Senegal (n=110), Bolivia (n=127), and New Caledonia (n=90).
Four-month-old infants were randomly allocated to supplement or control groups.
A cereal-based precooked porridge was offered twice daily for 3 mo and consumption was monitored.
Both groups were free to eat local food.
At 7 mo of age, all infants were still breast-fed in the Congo, Senegal, and Bolivia compared with 47% in New Caledonia.
Mean daily consumption of the supplement varied among countries (558-790 kJ/d).
Mean length at 4 mo was lowest in Bolivia, higher in Senegal and the Congo, and near the National Center for Health Statistics reference in New Caledonia.
The mean 4-7-mo length increment was 0.48 cm higher for supplemented than for control infants in Senegal (P<0.05), whereas weight increments did not differ.
No significant effect was found in the other countries.
Mots-clés Pascal : Congo Brazzaville, Afrique, Sénégal, Bolivie, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Régime alimentaire enrichi, Court terme, Traitement diététique, Lait maternel, Allaitement, Croissance, Taille, Poids corporel, Prévention, Retard staturopondéral, Pays en développement, Développement staturopondéral, Alimentation, Nourrisson, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Congo, Africa, Senegal, Bolivia, South America, America, Supplemented diet, Short term, Diet therapy, Breast milk, Breast feeding, Growth, Size, Body weight, Prevention, Growth retardation, Developing countries, Somatic growth, Feeding, Infant, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0475024
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 10/04/1997.