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  1. Role of case structure and prior experience in a case-based surgical clerkship.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Annual Meeting of the Association for Surgical Education. Tucson, Arizona USA, 1995/05/03.

    BACKGROUND 

    As case-based methods replaced lectures in a surgical clerkship, the influences of case structure and prior experience on learning were investigated.

    METHODS 

    Early and late third-year students randomly received different cases. « Structured » cases had data presented and summarized. « Unstructured » cases required questions to faculty for information.

    Multiple choice tests and differential diagnosis activities were administered.

    An attitudinal questionnaire gauged student perceptions.

    RESULTS 

    In both multiple choice and differential diagnosis activities, the late rotation, « unstructured » group scored higher than the « structured » group.

    Conversely, the early rotation, « unstructured » group scored lower than the « structured » group.

    Combined, rotation, and structure significantly affected both multiple choice and differential diagnosis activities (ANOVA, P<0.02).

    Early rotation, « unstructured » students described a more enjoyable experience, despite lower evaluation scores.

    CONCLUSIONS 

    Surgical clerkship case-based learning is profoundly affected by case structure and prior clinical experience.

    Case-based curriculum should be tailored to accommodate these interactions.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Enseignement professionnel, Chirurgie, Etude cas, Organisation, Apprentissage, Etudiant, Diagnostic, Organisation santé, Enseignement

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational education, Surgery, Case study, Organization, Learning, Student, Diagnosis, Public health organization, Teaching

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0474816

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 10/04/1997.