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  1. Infection control practices in intensive care units of 14 European countries.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To evaluate compliance with recommended patient-care practices for the prevention of hospital-acquired infections (HAI) in the intensive care unit (ICU).

    Design 

    European descriptive survey by questionnaire mailed to all the directors of ICUs.

    Patients and participants 

    A total of 1642 general ICUs with more than three beds in 14 countries were contacted ; 1005 units participated in the study (overall response rate of 61.2%). Measurements and results : Data on the general characteristics of the hospital and of the ICU, surveillance activities, and patient-care practices relevant to the control of HAIs were collected.

    Compliance varied significantly by the type of practice evaluated.

    Comprehensive programs adopting all the recommended preventive practices for specific infections were maintained in a very low proportion of units, ranging from 18% for antibiotic policy to 39% for urinary tract infections.

    Moreover, 14% of the units claimed to adopt threc or more practices that are clearly unsafe, and only 35% of the units claimed not to adopt any risky practice.

    The presence of an infection control nurse was significantly associated with a lower frequency of substandard care.

    A great variability was observed by country in the adoption of 29 patient-care practices, mostly for practices for which clear-cut guidelines are lacking. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Infection nosocomiale, Hospitalisation, Prévention, Pratique professionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Unité soin intensif, Evaluation, Recommandation, Homme, Europe, Etude comparative, Surveillance

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nosocomial infection, Hospitalization, Prevention, Professional practice, Health staff, Intensive care unit, Evaluation, Recommendation, Human, Europe, Comparative study, Surveillance

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0471478

    Code Inist : 002B27B10. Création : 10/04/1997.