To investigate the association of dietary habits with mortality in a cohort of vegetarians and other health conscious people.
Subjects-4336 men and 6435 women recruited through health food shops, vegetarian societies, and magazines.
Main outcome measures-Mortality ratios for vegetarianism and for daily versus less than daily consumption of wholemeal bread, bran cereals, nuts or dried fruit, fresh fruit, and raw salad in relation to all cause mortality and mortality from ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, all malignant neoplasms, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and breast cancer.
2064 (19%) subjects smoked, 4627 (43%) were vegetarian, 6699 (62%) ate wholemeal bread daily, 2948 (27%) ate bran cereals daily, 4091 (38%) ate nuts or dried fruit daily, 8304 (77%) ate fresh fruit daily, and 4105 (38%) ate raw salad daily.
After a mean of 16.8 years follow up there were 1343 deaths before age 80.
Overall the cohort had a mortality about half that of the general population.
Within the cohort, daily consumption of fresh fruit was associated with significantly reduced mortality from ischaemic heart disease (rate ratio adjusted for smoking 0.76 (95% confidence interval 0.60 to 0.97)), cerebrovascular disease (0.68 (0.47 to 0.98)), and for all causes combined (0.79 (0.70 to 0.90)). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire, Coutume alimentaire, Homme, Régime alimentaire végétarien, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Royaume Uni, Europe, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Accident cérébrovasculaire, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diet, Food habit, Human, Vegetarian diet, Mortality, Epidemiology, United Kingdom, Europe, Cardiovascular disease, Stroke, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0466014
Code Inist : 002A16E. Création : 10/04/1997.