Hospitalizations for varicella-zoster virus infection (n=13,018) among active-duty Navy and Marine Corps personnel were studied retrospectively for the years 1981-1994.
A large increase in hospitalization rates occurred during the 1980s, peaking in 1987 with 2025 total hospitalizations and a crude rate of 258/100,000 persons.
Since that time, hospitalization rates have decreased markedly, with only 473 hospitalizations in 1994 (rate, 74/100,000 persons).
In unconditional logistic regression risk factor modeling for varicella hospitalization, personnel at highest risk of hospitalization had foreign homes of record, were most junior in rank, had ¾2 years of military service, were Filipino or black, were male, and served in the Navy.
Adjusted risk of hospitalization fell>2-fold from 1987-1988 to 1993-1994.
These finding may assist military public health officials in developing strategies to prevent varicella morbidity.
Mots-clés Pascal : Varicelle, Virose, Infection, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Taux, Hospitalisation, Adulte jeune, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Varicella, Viral disease, Infection, California, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Rate, Hospitalization, Young adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0465098
Code Inist : 002B05C02B. Création : 10/04/1997.