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  1. Reactivity and repeatability of hygiene behaviour : Structured observations from Burkina Faso.

    Article - En anglais

    If interventions promoting improved hygiene behaviour to prevent childhood diarrhoea are to be implemented and evaluated, valid methods for measuring this behaviour will be required.

    This paper presents findings from a study to investigate the use of structured observations to measure hygiene behaviour in Burkina Faso.

    Two hundred mothers with young children (2-36 months) were observed on several occasions, with particular attention focused on events/behaviour surrounding defaecation.

    Child defaecation occurred most often in a potty (67% of occasions).

    Stools were most often disposed of into a latrine (79%). Following defaecation the child's bottom was usually rinsed using water alone with a bare hand (76%). Subsequent hand washing by the mother/caretaker was much rarer (29%). None of these behaviours appeared « reactive » to the presence of the observer.

    Less common behaviours showed some evidence of reactivity.

    The frequency of child defaecation in the yard increased over the course of three observations (5% to 16% ; P=0.01) and the proportion of occasions on which the child was observed to be cleaned after defaecation declined (95% to 85% ; P=0.01).

    Mothers usually took with them to the latrine a water recipient (91%). Hand washing after leaving the latrine was observed on 30% of occasions.

    This proportion declined from 36% to 22% over three observations (P=0.05). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement, Hygiène, Défécation, Enfant, Homme, Mère, Diarrhée, Observation, Burkina Faso, Afrique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Behavior, Hygiene, Defecation, Child, Human, Mother, Diarrhea, Observation, Burkina Faso, Africa, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0463371

    Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 10/04/1997.