If interventions promoting improved hygiene behaviour to prevent childhood diarrhoea are to be implemented and evaluated, valid methods for measuring this behaviour will be required.
This paper presents findings from a study to investigate the use of structured observations to measure hygiene behaviour in Burkina Faso.
Two hundred mothers with young children (2-36 months) were observed on several occasions, with particular attention focused on events/behaviour surrounding defaecation.
Child defaecation occurred most often in a potty (67% of occasions).
Stools were most often disposed of into a latrine (79%). Following defaecation the child's bottom was usually rinsed using water alone with a bare hand (76%). Subsequent hand washing by the mother/caretaker was much rarer (29%). None of these behaviours appeared « reactive » to the presence of the observer.
Less common behaviours showed some evidence of reactivity.
The frequency of child defaecation in the yard increased over the course of three observations (5% to 16% ; P=0.01) and the proportion of occasions on which the child was observed to be cleaned after defaecation declined (95% to 85% ; P=0.01).
Mothers usually took with them to the latrine a water recipient (91%). Hand washing after leaving the latrine was observed on 30% of occasions.
This proportion declined from 36% to 22% over three observations (P=0.05). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement, Hygiène, Défécation, Enfant, Homme, Mère, Diarrhée, Observation, Burkina Faso, Afrique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Behavior, Hygiene, Defecation, Child, Human, Mother, Diarrhea, Observation, Burkina Faso, Africa, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0463371
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 10/04/1997.