The experimental evaluation of two components of a community intervention to prevent adolescent tobacco use are described.
Youth antitobacco activities (e.g., peer quizzes, sidewalk art, poster and T-shirt giveaways, etc.) and family communications activities (pamphlets to parents and student quizzes of parents) were evaluated in two time-series experiments, each of which was conducted in two experimental and one control community.
Students in Grades 6 and 8 and their parents were assessed in a series of four phone surveys in the first experiment and six phone surveys in the second.
Implementation of the youth antitobacco and family communications activities led to significantly greater exposure of young people to antitobacco information.
They led to increases in parent and youth knowledge about tobacco use and more negative attitudes toward tobacco.
In Experiment 2, youths in intervention communities had significantly lower rated intentions to smoke.
The findings suggest the value of a modular approach to community interventions for influencing the social context relevant to the onset of adolescent tobacco use.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Tabagisme, Relation interpair, Relation parent enfant, Psychologie communautaire, Préadolescent, Homme, Adolescent
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Tobacco smoking, Peer relation, Parent child relation, Community psychology, Preadolescent, Human, Adolescent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0461537
Code Inist : 002B18D10. Création : 10/04/1997.