Femoral atherosclerosis in middle-aged subjects : Association with cardiovascular risk factors and insulin resistance.
The aim of this 8-year follow-up study was to investigate the role of conventional cardiovascular risk factors as predictors for asymptomatic femoral atherosclerosis.
The authors also evaluated the association of insulin resistance with atherosclerosis in a cross-sectional setting.
Cardiovascular risk factors of 118 subjects were studied at the baseline study in 1983-1985 in Kuopio, Finland.
Femoral atherosclerosis, defined as a presence of plaques, was investigated by ultrasonography in the follow-up study in 1992-1993.
In the univariate logistic regression analyses, age (p=0.002), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p=0.002 and p=0.013, respectively), total cholesterol (p=0.005), low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (p=0.005), total triglycerides (p=0.033), LDL triglycerides (p=0.033), apolipoprotein B (p=0.045), and fasting plasma glucose (p=0.011) had a significant association with the presence of femoral plaques.
Plasma insulin levels and insulin sensitivity index, determined in 87 subjects by an intravenous glucose tolerance test and minimal model at the follow-up study, were not associated with femoral plaques.
The results demonstrate that atherogenic lipid and lipoprotein pattern and blood pressure are strongly associated with femoral atherosclerosis, whereas insulin sensitivity and hyperinsulinemia seem not to play such a significant role.
Mots-clés Pascal : Athérosclérose, Artère fémorale, Homme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Etude longitudinale, Insuline, Hormone protéine, Sensibilité résistance, Lipide, Pression sanguine, Finlande, Europe, Plaque athérosclérose, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Atherosclerosis, Femoral artery, Human, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Follow up study, Insulin, Protein hormone, Sensitivity resistance, Lipids, Blood pressure, Finland, Europe, Atherosclerotic plaque, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0459833
Code Inist : 002B12B03. Création : 10/04/1997.