To present accounts of the prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and social, family, and related factors that are associated with increased risk of CSA, using data gathered during an 18-year longitudinal study of a New Zealand birth cohort.
A birth cohort of more than 1,000 children born in Christchurch (New Zealand) was studied prospectively to the age of 16 years.
At age 18, retrospective reports of CSA were obtained.
Of the cohort, 10.4% (17.3% of females and 3.4% of males) reported having experienced CSA before the age of 16 years.
Rates of severe abusive experiences involving intercourse were lower : 5.6% of females and 1.4% of males reported abuse involving attempted or completed intercourse.
Multivariate analyses suggested that the risk of CSA was elevated among females (p<. 0001), those exposed to high levels of marital conflict (p<. 005), those reporting low parental attachment (p<. 001), those reporting high levels of paternal overprotection (p<. 005), and those with parents who reported alcoholism/alcohol problems (p<. 05).
The level of prediction of CSA from childhood and family factors was not sufficient to identify individuals at risk of CSA with any degree of accuracy.
CSA was not an uncommon experience in this cohort. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Expérience infantile, Antécédent, Abus sexuel, Victimologie, Etude longitudinale, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Milieu familial, Environnement social, Parent, Facteur risque, Relation parent enfant, Relation conjugale, Histoire familiale, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infantile experience, Antecedent, Sexual abuse, Victimology, Follow up study, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Family environment, Social environment, Parent, Risk factor, Parent child relation, Marital relation, Family story, Adolescent, Human, Young adult
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0459609
Code Inist : 002B18F02. Création : 10/04/1997.