Beruf und krankheit.
Traduction en anglais : Occupation and disease.
1. There are three kinds of work-related diseases :
officially recognised occupational diseases ;
occupational diseases ;
work-related but unspecific diseases. 2. These unspecific diseases occur more often than would be by mere chance, among certain professional groups. 3. Cancer mortality may increase as a result of occupational cancer-promoting factors, whereas the overall mortality may be unaffected. 4. In such cases, the mortality of other diseases not related to the occupation, is diminished ( « vicarious mortality »). 5. The overall cancer mortality is probably not greatly increased by professional influences.
This mortality is nearly constant in males and tends to decrease in females. 6. A strong inequality of mortality rates has been found in various occupational groups.
The reason for these discrepancies is unknown. 7. Mortality is most strongly related to the mental demands made on individuals by their profession. 8. Death through accidents is six times more frequent in the general population compared with job-related accidents. 9. Health hazard due to occupation is low in relation to mortality, but marked in work-related diseases.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Maladie professionnelle, Mortalité, Tumeur maligne, Homme, Charge mentale, Milieu professionnel, Accident travail, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational disease, Mortality, Malignant tumor, Human, Mental load, Occupational environment, Occupational accident, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0459333
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 10/04/1997.