Obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents : A review of the past 10 years.
To review the literature on pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) from the perspective of information relevant to American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology recertification in child and adolescent psychiatry.
The clinical and research literatures were systematically searched for articles that address the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric OCD.
Drawing from the literature and their own clinical experience, the authors note that (1) OCD is a common neuropsychiatric disorder ; (2) comorbidity is common, especially with tic, attention-deficit, anxiety, and affective disorders ; (3) OCD following group A bêta-hemolytic streptococcal infection may define an autoimmune subgrouping calling for immunomodulatory treatments ; and (4) OCD-specific cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy with a serotonin reuptake inhibitor define the psychotherapeutic and pharmacotherapeutic treatments of choice, respectively.
Child psychiatrists should be familiar with the differential diagnosis and treatment of OCD.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obsession compulsion, Trouble anxieux, Article synthèse, Diagnostic, Thérapie comportementale, Thérapie cognitive, Association morbide, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Chimiothérapie, Psychotrope, Etiologie, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Neurobiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obsessive compulsive disorder, Anxiety disorder, Review, Diagnosis, Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Concomitant disease, Treatment, Epidemiology, Chemotherapy, Psychotropic, Etiology, Child, Human, Adolescent
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0458939
Code Inist : 002B18D06. Création : 10/04/1997.