The purpose of this study is to measure the access to mammography of women aged 40-70 in Spain and to analyze the factors related to access to the test.
Women were considered to have access to mammography if they had received at least one mammogram in the preceding 2 years.
Numerous studies have shown that breast cancer mortality is reduced in women receiving periodic mammography, although experts disagree about the most appropriate age range for screening.
An equitable health care system should provide access to effective procedures to all persons who need them.
A number of factors influencing the access to mammography have been described.
We conducted a cross-sectional population-based survey of 3218 women residing in Spain who were between 40 and 70 years of age.
The sample was selected using a multi-stage stratified cluster technique, with proportional assignment to each stratum.
Data collection took place between March and May 1994 by means of individual oral interviews using a standardized questionnaire.
The questionnaire included information on the dependent variable (mammography use) and the independent variables (those potentially associated with access to the test).
Information on other independent variables was collected in official institutions or from existing publications.
Data analysis consisted of univariate and multivariate analyses.
Only about 28% of all women had received a mammogram in the last 2 years. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mammographie, Prévention, Accessibilité, Femme, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Inégalité, Système santé, Espagne, Europe, Radiodiagnostic, Glande mammaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mammography, Prevention, Accessibility, Woman, Human, Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Inequality, Health system, Spain, Europe, Radiodiagnosis, Mammary gland diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0458146
Code Inist : 002B24A08. Création : 10/04/1997.