A national overview of outpatient mental health care in nonhospital settings is provided, focusing on the distribution of patients among psychiatrists, psychologists, general medical physicians, and other health professionals.
Data from the household section of the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey were analyzed to determine the volume and characteristics of patients receiving mental health care from these four professional groups.
In 1987 an estimated 4.1% of noninstitutionalized Americans (9.0 million) made 84 million outpatient mental health visits to nonhospital settings.
Psychiatrists provided significantly more visits than psychologists for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, substance abuse, and depression, but significantly fewer visits for anxiety disorders and symptoms such as « nervousness. » General medical physicians provided the most visits for adjustment disorders and substance abuse, while the other professionals provided the most visits for childhood mental disorders and mental retardation.
In 1987 important differences existed between the outpatients who received mental health care from psychologists, psychiatrists, general medical physicians, and other health professionals.
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Soin, Ambulatoire, Trouble psychiatrique, Personnel sanitaire, Psychiatre, Psychologue clinicien, Médecin généraliste, Consultation privée, Consultation psychiatrique, Homme, Filière soins
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental health, United States, North America, America, Care, Ambulatory, Mental disorder, Health staff, Psychiatrist, Clinicien psychologist, General practitioner, Private consultation, Psychiatric consultation, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0457893
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 10/04/1997.