Biotechnology has a long tradition of safety in use.
Since the advent of gene technology, risk controversies have dominated its development.
In this paper, the risk potential of contained applications is discussed.
The analysis of typical features of bioprocesses shows that the organisms involved may be relevant as the cause of hazards.
Because biological hazard identification is central to the risk assessment, the corresponding approach is outlined and the circumstances in which biological hazards become a matter of concern are discussed.
Safety management is based on an increasing tightness of the containment with respect to an accidental release of organisms.
It is essential to note that the overwhelming number of biotechnology applications involve organisms with no hazard potential.
A case study of an accidental release of a hazardous organism is used to illustrate the nature and extent of the damage potential.
Mots-clés Pascal : Article synthèse, Biotechnologie, Risque accidentel, Prévention accident, Gestion, Accident, Risque santé, Application industrielle, Biologie, Génie génétique, Evaluation risque
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Regional safety management, Gene technology, Bioprocesses, Biological hazards, Hazardous organisms, Biological safety management, Reviews, Biotechnology, Hazards, Accident prevention, Management, Accidents, Health risks, Industrial applications, Biology, Genetic engineering, Risk assessment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0453696
Code Inist : 002B30B. Création : 10/04/1997.