To identify potential occupational risk factors, this study examined the occupational occurence of various neurodegenerative diseases.
Death certificates from 27 states in the National Occupational Mortality Surveillance System were evaluated for 1982 to 1991.
Proportionate mortality ratios were calculated by occupation for presenile dementia, Alzheimer's disease, and motor neuron disease.
Excess mortality was observed for all four categories in the following occupational categories :
medical personnel ;
machinists and machine operators ;
ans support and clerical workers.
Clusters of three neurodegenerative diseases were also found in occupations involving pesticides, solvents, and electromagnetic fields and in legal, library, social, and religious work.
Early death from motor neuron disease was found for firefighters, janitors, military personnel, teachers, excavation machine operators, and veterinarians, among others.
Neurodegenerative disease occurs more frequently in some occupations than in others, and this distribution, which may indicate occupational risk factors, should be further investigated.
Mots-clés Pascal : Démence Alzheimer, Démence présénile, Parkinson maladie, Neurone moteur maladie, Exposition professionnelle, Condition travail, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Homme, Médecine travail, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Certificat décès, Mortalité, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Maladie dégénérative, Extrapyramidal syndrome, Moelle épinière pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alzheimer disease, Presenile dementia, Parkinson disease, Motor neuron disease, Occupational exposure, Working condition, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Human, Occupational medicine, United States, North America, America, Death certificate, Mortality, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Degenerative disease, Extrapyramidal syndrome, Spinal cord disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0453114
Code Inist : 002B17G. Création : 10/04/1997.