This study evaluated the relationship between cancer risk and residential proximity to cranberry cultivation.
A population-based case-control study was conducted.
Cases, diagnosed during 1983 through 1986 among residents of the Upper Cape Cod area of Massachussets, involved incident cancers of the lung (n=252), breast (n=265), colon-rectum (n=326), bladder (n=63), kidney (n=35).
Control subjects were randomly selected from among telephone subscribers (n=184), Medicare beneficiaries (n=464), and deceased individuals (n=723).
No meaningful increases in risk were seen for any of the cancer sites except for the brain.
When latency was considered, subjects who had ever lived within 2600 ft (780 m) of a cranberry bog had a twofold increased risk of brain cancer overall (95% confidence interval [CI =0.8,4.9) and a 6.7-fold increased risk of astrocytoma (95% CI=1.6,27.8).
Residential proximity to cranberry bog cultivation was not associated with seven of the eight cancers investigated ; however, an association was observed with brain cancer, particularly astrocytoma.
Larger, more detailed studies are necessary to elucidate this relationship.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Logement habitation, Proximité, Exploitation agricole, Canneberge, Pollution, Environnement, Pesticide, Risque, Epidémiologie, Toxicité, Homme, Santé et environnement, Massachusetts, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Housing, Proximity, Farming, Cranberries, Pollution, Environment, Pesticides, Risk, Epidemiology, Toxicity, Human, Health and environment, Massachusetts, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0453113
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 10/04/1997.