This study was undertaken to determine whether reductions in alcohol-related fatal crashes following adoption of 0.08% legal blood alcohol limits were independent of general regional trends.
The first five states that lowered legal blood alcohol limits to 0.08% were paired with five nearby states that retained a 0.10% legal standard.
Within each pair, comparisons were made for the maximum equal available number of pre-and postlaw years.
States adopting 0.08% laws experienced 16% and 18% relative postlaw declines in the proportions of fatal crashes involving fatally injured drivers whose blood alcohol levels were 0.08% or higher and 0.15% or higher.
If all states adopted 0.08% legal blood alcohol limits, at least 500 to 600 fewer fatal crashes would occur annually.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident circulation, Accident corporel, Mortalité, Alcoolémie, Conducteur véhicule, Réglementation, Politique sanitaire, Evolution, Tendance, Epidémiologie, Homme, Prévention, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Traumatisme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Traffic accident, Personal injury, Mortality, Alcoholemia, Vehicle driver, Regulation, Health policy, Evolution, Trend, Epidemiology, Human, Prevention, United States, North America, America, Trauma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0452984
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 10/04/1997.