This study was undertaken to determine the relationship of education and tobacco smoke to lifetime weight history in women.
Information on passive smoking, active smoking, and weight history was collected from 928 women aged 28 to 74 years selected from the general population of Geneva, Switzerland.
Multivariate analysis of variance was performed for weight, weight at age 20, and weight change since age 20.
Education was inversely related to weight at age 20, current weight, and weight gain since age 20.
The least educated group had a current weight of 4 kg more than the most educated group.
Differences across smokers categories were small : passive smokers had the highest current weight (63.4 kg) and former active smokers had the lowest (60.4 kg).
Weight gain since age 20 tended to be smaller in former and current activve smokers (5.5 to 7.2 kg) than in passive smokers (8.3 to 10.4 kg) and those nerver exposed (9.1 kg).
In this sample, education was an important predictor of women's current weight and weight history.
Passive and active smoking had little long-term effect on weight.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids corporel, Tabagisme, Tabagisme passif, Niveau étude, Indicateur, Evolution, Epidémiologie, Prédiction, Femme, Homme, Suisse, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Body weight, Tobacco smoking, Passive smoking, Education level, Indicator, Evolution, Epidemiology, Prediction, Woman, Human, Switzerland, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0452793
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.