This study quantified the influence of employment, specifically a mother's employment away from her infant, on the use of breast milk substitutes in developing countries.
Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys were used to calculate the population attributable risk percentage for use of breast milk substitutes among women employed away from their babies in 15 countries for which suitable data were available.
The estimated proportion of breast milk substitute use attributable to employment away from the baby ranged from 0.74% to 20.9% in the various countries.
Employment is not the main determinant of breast milk substitute use.
Efforts to improve breast-feeding can be safety targeted at the majority of women who are not employed away from their babies while nevertheless giving appropriate attention to the minority of new mothers who are employed away from their babies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Emploi, Mère, Travail féminin, Lait maternel, Allaitement, Succédané lait, Alimentation, Comportement maternel, Nourrisson, Homme, Pays en développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Employment, Mother, Woman work, Breast milk, Breast feeding, Milk substitute, Feeding, Maternal behavior, Infant, Human, Developing countries
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0452605
Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 10/04/1997.