Recent studies have reported that the prevalence of latex allergy among volunteer populations of health care workers ranges from 2% to 25%. To date, no epidemiologic study has investigated the prevalence of latex allergy and its relationship to possible risk factors among nurses.
Registered nurses (n=741) in a large metropolitan hospital participated in a latex allergy prevalence study.
Latex exposure data were obtained through self-administered questionnaires.
Blood samples were classified as positive or negative for anti-latex IgE antibodies.
Associations between potential risk factors for latex allergy and anti-latex antibodies were assessed.
The participation rate was 90.6% among eligible nurses.
Sixty-five samples were positive for a prevalence of 8.9% (95% confidence interval, 6.7 to 10.8).
No differences in latex positivity among five nursing specialties were noted.
Logistic regression indicated that after adjusting for age and sex, the following factors were significantly associated with latex seropositivity : nonwhite race (odds ratio [OR]=4.2), reported histories of penicillin allergy (OR=2.2), pruritic skin (OR=2.2), conjunctivitis (OR=3.0), localized urticaria (OR=1.8), ray fever (OR=2.1), avocado allergy (OR=9.9), and ragweed allergy (OR=3.4).
The prevalence of latex sensitization appeared to be substantial (8.9%) among the nurses studied, and the prevalence did not vary by nursing specialty. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Allergie, Latex, Caoutchouc naturel, Prévalence, Sérologie, IgE, Infirmier, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Michigan, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Allergy, Latex, Natural rubber, Prevalence, Serology, IgE, Nurse, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Michigan, United States, North America, America, Human, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0450727
Code Inist : 002B06C05. Création : 10/04/1997.