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  1. Occupational health monitoring practices of registered mercury-using workplaces within Gauteng.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives

    To assess monitoring practices of workplaces registered as mercury users within the then PWV South region of the Department of Manpower (now Gauteng region of the Department of Labour) ; to identify the main industrial sectors that use mercury and to estimate the number of workers potentially exposed.

    Design

    A descriptive study design was used.

    Setting.

    Workplaces situated in the former PWV South region, as defined by the Department of Manpower.

    Subjects 

    Fifty-eight workplaces were registered as mercury users in this region.

    Postal questionnaires were sent to 34 workplaces on the Department of Manpower's list of mercury users - 24 were excluded because they had closed, moved or claimed, on telephonic contact, no longer to use mercury.

    Main outcome measures

    Industry type and form of mercury used, monitoring practices and attitudes to legislation.

    Results

    The response rate to the questionnaire was 73.5% (25).

    Despite being registered as users, 52% (13) of the respondents claimed not to use mercury.

    Of the 10 mercury-using workplaces, 5 conducted biological monitoring, while only 2 performed environmental measurements.

    Six of the 10 workplaces used an inorganic form of mercury, 3 used a combination of inorganic and organic mercury, while 1 used organic mercury only.

    Sixty per cent of all respondents would support legislation that regulated monitoring of mercury in industry.

    Conclusions

    (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mercure, Toxicité, Maladie professionnelle, Exposition professionnelle, Travailleur, Questionnaire, Dosage, Urine, Sang, Environnement, Homme, République Sud Africaine, Afrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mercury, Toxicity, Occupational disease, Occupational exposure, Worker, Questionnaire, Assay, Urine, Blood, Environment, Human, South Africa, Africa

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 96-0449562

    Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 10/04/1997.