To assess monitoring practices of workplaces registered as mercury users within the then PWV South region of the Department of Manpower (now Gauteng region of the Department of Labour) ; to identify the main industrial sectors that use mercury and to estimate the number of workers potentially exposed.
A descriptive study design was used.
Workplaces situated in the former PWV South region, as defined by the Department of Manpower.
Fifty-eight workplaces were registered as mercury users in this region.
Postal questionnaires were sent to 34 workplaces on the Department of Manpower's list of mercury users - 24 were excluded because they had closed, moved or claimed, on telephonic contact, no longer to use mercury.
Industry type and form of mercury used, monitoring practices and attitudes to legislation.
The response rate to the questionnaire was 73.5% (25).
Despite being registered as users, 52% (13) of the respondents claimed not to use mercury.
Of the 10 mercury-using workplaces, 5 conducted biological monitoring, while only 2 performed environmental measurements.
Six of the 10 workplaces used an inorganic form of mercury, 3 used a combination of inorganic and organic mercury, while 1 used organic mercury only.
Sixty per cent of all respondents would support legislation that regulated monitoring of mercury in industry.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mercure, Toxicité, Maladie professionnelle, Exposition professionnelle, Travailleur, Questionnaire, Dosage, Urine, Sang, Environnement, Homme, République Sud Africaine, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mercury, Toxicity, Occupational disease, Occupational exposure, Worker, Questionnaire, Assay, Urine, Blood, Environment, Human, South Africa, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0449562
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 10/04/1997.