Stealing behavior in eating disorders : Characteristics and associated psychopathology.
The objective of the study was to identify, in detail, the characteristics of stealing behavior and eventual associated psychopathology in a large group of eating-disordered patients.
A sample of 155 females meeting DSM-III-R criteria for anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa BN completed the Stealing Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ) and other self-reporting measures, including the Dissociation Questionnaire (DIS-Q).
In a subgroup of 80 patients, the SBQ was repeated after 2 months'treatment.
A total of 47.1% of the patients admitted a history of stealing ; compared with restricting AN (35.3%), the proportion of stealers was higher in binge-eating/purging AN (54.8%) and BN (48.7%). The number of patients admitting to stealing did not change after 2 months of intensive treatment.
Compared with other patients, stealers did not differ in signs of general psychopathology, but showed more abnormal scores on the DIS-Q (especially « loss of control »). The patients whose stealing was clearly related to their eating disorder did not show a distinct pattern of eating pathology or associated psychopathology.
If studied in a systematic way, stealing appears to be more frequent than expected ; with its relationship to bulimic tendencies and « loss of control, » it might indicate a more severe (stage of an) eating disorder and, as such, deserves more attention from researchers and clinicians than the scarce literature is reflecting up to now.
Mots-clés Pascal : Anorexie mentale, Boulimie, Trouble comportement alimentaire, Association morbide, Kleptomanie, Trouble contrôle impulsion, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Belgique, Europe, Adulte, Homme, Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia, Eating disorder, Concomitant disease, Kleptomania, Impulse control disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Belgium, Europe, Adult, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0447415
Code Inist : 002B18C01C. Création : 10/04/1997.