An assessment of the prevalence of orphans and the magnitude of their problems and the extent to which HIV-1 is contributing to this was done in a rural population in South-West Uganda with an HIV-1 seroprevalence of 8% among adults.
Slightly over 10% of children aged less than 15 years were reported to have lost one or both parents.
Loss of the father alone (6.3%) was more common than loss of the mother alone (2.8%). Generally orphans were living with their surviving parent or other relatives but it was also noted in this study that some children with both parents alive lived with relatives as part of the extended family system.
HIV-1 seroprevalence rates were higher among orphans than among non-orphans and were up to 6 times higher in the 0-4 year age group.
Seropositivity rates were also higher among surviving parents of orphans than among parents of non-orphans.
No significant difference in mortality between orphans and non-orphans was observed.
During a 3-year follow-up period a total of 169 children became orphans and 43% of these cases resulted from the death of an HIV-1 positive parent.
There was a limited effect on school attendance by orphanhood.
The HIV-1 epidemic has substantially increased the number of orphans in this community, a finding which is probably typical of many other sub-Saharan African countries.
It appears that these orphans were generally well looked after within the community. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ouganda, Afrique, Milieu rural, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Séropositivité, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Virus HIV1, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Sahara, Epidémie, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant, Préadolescent, Adolescent, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Orphelin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Uganda, Africa, Rural environment, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Seropositivity, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, HIV-1 virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Sahara, Epidemic, Infant, Human, Child, Preadolescent, Adolescent, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0446188
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 10/04/1997.