The longitudinal study of age-homogeneous cohorts is a powerful tool to elucidate age-related changes and to attempt to distinguish normal aging from the effects of disease.
Many influences, such as the effect of changing lifestyle, medical practices and environmental factors with time must be considered when designing and interpreting such studies.
Cross-cultural differences manifest in comparing different studies must also be accounted for, but alternately provide a tool to distinguish between endogenous and exogenous factors influencing human aging.
The first stage of the longitudinal study of 70 year olds in Gothenburg, Sweden, a cross-sectional survey performed in 1971, is compared to a similar cross-sectional survey performed in Jerusalem in 1991 as part of a projected longitudinal study.
The similarities between the two cohorts with regard to living conditions, functional independence and disease prevalence are striking.
There are also significant contrasts that reflect the 20 years that elapsed between the execution of the two studies, as well as the cultural and social differences.
In particular, the ethnic diversity of the Jerusalem population, hailing from 40 separate countries, is emphasized.
The comparison of these two studies highlights many of the principlcs critical to the role of longitudinal cohort studies in gerontology.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etude cohorte, Etude longitudinale, Age, Suède, Europe, Epidémiologie, Vieillard, Homme, Israël, Asie, Etude comparative, Vieillissement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cohort study, Follow up study, Age, Sweden, Europe, Epidemiology, Elderly, Human, Israel, Asia, Comparative study, Ageing
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 96-0442225
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 10/04/1997.